What's new
Learn Japanese with JapanesePod101.com

How to use time/days words correctly?

Welcome to our Japan community!

A discussion forum for all Things Japanese. Join Today! It is fast, simple, and FREE!

Joined
21 Mar 2021
Messages
270
Reaction score
159
Is there specific particles to use beside words related to time, like days (today yesterday tomorrow etc) or time (like morning, night etc)?

At first it seemed it could be に but I saw in words like 今日 明日 etc its used は as particle, and it seems no particles are used in some sentences

But theen I eventually learned the word 夜、and soon got to the association of 夜に駆ける、so I wonder if for moments of the day に can be used (similar to "in the morning" and "at night), but not for days?? Or do they vary according to the situation?

Also how it would be for specific days or time, like a day of the year or what exact time of the day, are there specific particles to be used, or it depends on the contexts?
Thanks
 

Toritoribe

松葉解禁
Moderator
Joined
22 Feb 2008
Messages
17,791
Reaction score
3,994
The basic rule is that に is used for "absolute" time such like 2021年, 6月, 16日, 水曜日, 8時, etc., while に is not used for "relative" time, which is decided by "now", such like 今日, 昨日, 明日, 今週, 先週, 来週, 今月, 先月, 来月, 今年, 去年 or 来年. 夜 belongs to the former ones, so に is attached to it.

However, there are many exceptions, and the particles also differ depending on the context, so it's a bit complicated, indeed.
 

thomas

Unswerving cyclist
Admin
Joined
14 Mar 2002
Messages
13,397
Reaction score
5,455
Allow me to post links to some of our time-related articles. :)





 

Toritoribe

松葉解禁
Moderator
Joined
22 Feb 2008
Messages
17,791
Reaction score
3,994
は, including には, is used for topicalization or contrasting, so it can be used for "relative" ones.
e.g.
今日は晴れです。
It's fine today.

明日(まで)には手紙が届くでしょう。
The letter will have arrived by tomorrow.
 
Top Bottom