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Would you check my exam questions?


8 Apr 2004
Dear native English speakers,
I've made the mid-term exam. Would you mind checking some of the questions?

問3 次の文を読んで、あとの問いに答えなさい。17点
Dr. Amano Atsushi is one of the (①) famous heart (②) in Japan. After graduating (ア) the medical school of Nihon University in 1983, he (a)[ at / before / hospitals / various / worked ] joining Juntendo University School of Medicine in 2002.
Dr. Amano has so far (③) more than 7,000 operations with a (④) rate of 98 percent. Because (イ) his (⑤) skills, some people call him "the surgeon with God's hands." Dr. Amano considers this a great (⑥). He (b)[ his / hard work / success / to / attributes ], constant practice, and the empathy he feels for his (⑦).
He was interested (ウ) medicine from the time he was a child and he decided (エ) become a doctor when he was in high school.
In this interview, Dr. Amano talks about his (⑧)—(⑨) in his entrance exams, (⑩) his father after a heart operation, trying (c)[ a / to / improve / surgeon / his skills / as ], and relating to his patients.

(1)①~⑩のかっこにあてはまる語を下から選び、解答欄に記号で書きなさい。ただし、同じ選択肢を2回選ばないこと。                 各1点 計10点
  (あ) outstanding (い) surgeons (う) patients (え) performed (お) losing 
  (か) failing (き) success (く) experiences (け) exaggeration (こ) most 

(2)(a)~(c)の[ ]の中の語を並び替えて、意味が通るようにしなさい。 各1点 計3点

(3)(ア)~(エ)にあてはまる語を次の中から一つずつ選び、解答欄に書きなさい。 各1点 計4点
  from / of / to / in / on / for

問4 次の文を読んで、あとの問いに答えなさい。16点
When did you decide to become a doctor?
As a child, whenever I had a stomachache or a fever, my mother (①) to take me to a pediatrician, who (②) to be one of my relatives. Somehow, I was fascinated by his medical books and stethoscopes. But it was when I was in high school that I first thought about (③) a doctor.

We know that becoming a medical doctor is not easy. How was it for you?
Well, I have to say that I was no exception. While in high school, I didn't get (④) in any club activities, and I even went to cram school to (⑤) for entrance exams. But I (⑥) for three consecutive years, and I was already 21 when I finally got accepted. Come to think of it, failing in the exams was not a bad thing for me after all. I became even more determined to be a doctor.

After receiving training at medical school, you became a doctor. How was your career after finishing school?
A lot of my friends started to work as medical staff at the university hospital, but I chose a different career. I wanted to work at a general hospital where I would have more contact with patients. That way I thought I would be able to improve my skills as a surgeon. So I started to look for work at general hospitals. After being (⑦) several times, I finally (⑧) to find a position.

I heard that you lost your father after heart surgery. Did it affect you in any way as a surgeon?
Yes, definitely. My father was suffering from heart disease, and he had had two operations. When I was 31, his condition had gotten so bad that he had to have his artificial valve replaced. I (⑨) the operation from beginning to end, but troubles followed one after the other during the operation. A week later, my father (⑩) away. He was 66 years old.

(2)(①)~(⑩)に当てはまる語を次の選択肢から選び、記号で答えなさい。 各1点 計10点
 (あ)becoming (い)prepare (う)passed (え)used (お)rejected 
 (か)happened (き)observed (く)managed (け)failed (こ)involved

問5 次の文を読んで、あとの問いに答えなさい。15点
Losing your father must have been a heavy blow to you.
Yes, it was devastating. Although I didn't perform the operation, I just couldn't help feeling some responsibility for my father's death.
①[On / In / At ] the same time I felt that he sacrificed his life to show me ②[ what / how / when ] not to do as a surgeon. I decided to do everything I could to become a skilled surgeon so that I could save the lives of many patients who needed my help. After a day's work at the hospital, I used to practice stitching all through the night. ③[ Whoever / Wherever / Whenever ] I heard about great surgeons, I went to see them to observe their operations. I asked them all sorts of questions. Ever since those days, I have ④[ be / been / being ] single-minded in constantly trying to improve my skills as a surgeon.

So you learned a lot from your father's death.
Yes, absolutely. You see, the slightest mistake can put your patients at risk. This is probably one of the most important lessons I learned from my father. I know I'm responsible ⑤[ for / to / in ] the life of every one of the patients I meet, so I ⑥[ put / take / make ] the best possible effort to save their lives. I say to myself, "Never cut corners. Just do your job." The word "compromise" is not in my dictionary.

Some people call you “a surgeon with God's hands." How do you feel about that?
Well, I don't think that this metaphor works for me. What you really need is not "God's hands" ⑦[ and / or / but ] careful planning before an operation and the ability to calculate and anticipate things. I have so far performed more than 7,000 operations, and this experience helps me to anticipate what course of action to take at critical points.
In an operation, it is important to make full use of the five senses so that you can respond quickly and accurately to any situation that may occur.

(2)①~⑦の[ ]の中で、最も適切な語を一つずつ選び解答欄に書きなさい。 各1点 計7点

問6 次の文を読んで、あとの問いに答えなさい。13点
You meet with patients with serious heart conditions every day, spending most of your time in the hospital. What do you do to establish good relationships with your patients?
Establishing good relationships with patients, and thus winning their trust, is extremely important for doctors. Personally, when I listen to my patients' heart sounds, (あ)I try to warm my stethoscope with my hands before putting it on their chests. And then I let them hear my own heart sounds so that they can tell the difference. (い)I do this in order to reduce the distance between myself as a doctor and my patients. You have to understand that patients come to you knowing that they might die in an operation, so we need to have a sense of respect for people who have made such a difficult decision.

People say that the nail that sticks up gets hammered down. As one of the top heart surgeons in the world, do you ever get hammered down?
Well, I would say that the proverb you mentioned is only partly true. There might be times when the nail gets hammered down, but only when it sticks up just a little. (A)When the nail sticks up much higher than the rest of the nails, you will never get hammered. That way, I hope to be able to inspire young aspiring surgeons. Don't just be good. Try to be the very best.

Do you have any rivals? Maybe Black Jack?
I would name Toma Tetsuhiko, the hero of a comic written by Ohgane Toshihiko. Toma somehow reminds me of what I used to be as a young aspiring surgeon. (う)He tries his best to make his patients and their families happy by performing the best possible operations. Rather than a rival, he is probably the ideal image of the kind of surgeon I hope to be.

(1)次の中から本文の内容と一致しているものを3つ選び記号で書きなさい。 各1点 計3点
 (a)Ohgane Toshihiko was a doctor who taught Dr. Amano.
 (b)Every aspiring surgeon is hammered down.
 (c)Toma Tetsuhiko is the kind of surgeon Dr. Amano hopes to be.
 (d)Toma Tetsuhiko is a rival to Dr. Amano.
 (e)Dr. Amano tries not to use his stethoscope.
 (f)Dr. Amano thinks that surgeons have to have a sense of respect for their patients.
 (g)Dr. Amano lets his patients hear his own heart sounds for fun.
 (h)Dr. Amano spends most of his time in the hospital.
May I ask a question? You've been teaching for many years now. Why not use quiz and test questions from previous years?
The textbooks we use are different each year. So I have to make new quiz and new questions each year. I wish I could use the same questions I made the previous years.
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