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A journey in some verses of the Koran

Mansoor

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I decided to make you familiar with some verses of Koran as a study. Of course some verses of this scripture is about supernatural and unseen things that are not appropriate for you in this stage, but some verses speak about the nature and scientific matters and address to the facts based on the knowledge and observation of man. Koran doesn't point to the scientific things vivid and directly wholly, but it points to the scientific matters that exist in the space, earth, nature and beings, among human as the signs of God's creation. In other words, Koran doesn't want to disclose scientific things for man but its purpose is that to point to them, after human could discover a part of them.
When Koran sent down 1400 years ago, the knowledge of man about the space, sun, moon stars, phenomenons on the earth and nature was very low. At the time these verses were as a mystery for the old people, but now, in the science and industry centuries they can be revealed and discovered easier, though some of the points of Koran in this fields still remains covered, because of insufficient knowledge of man about the space and the source of creation. Good to know, Koran even points to the Big Bang. Let me I start to offer you the verses. I begin with one or two:

The old people supposed that the sun and moon are in an equal altitude and they appear in the day and night. They couldn't recognize their different distances to the earth due to the normal visual research and lack of having today astronomy tools and devices, among telescope, radio telescope and more than all spacecraft to travel out of the earth atmosphere. They also didn't discover this fact that the earth has an spherical shape and they imagined the earth is flat and has a start and end point. Koran points to this fact by pointing to the permanent and gradual advancing of light in the darkness and it also points to the different orbits and altitudes of the sun and moon in the space:


the sun runs to its final destination; that is the measurement of the almighty, the all knowledgeable. (38)

sun actually is not fixed in a place in the space. It is moving toward an unknown place in the Milky Way along with other planets of the solar system that is unknown for the astronomy scientists yet.

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and the moon, we have determined it in phases till it returns like an old palm branch. (39)



The orbit of moon hasn’t a circular shape but it is like an ellipse. It also moves with the regular phases that sometimes is close to the earth and sometimes gets away. The curvature shape of the old palm branches have the elliptical figures similar to the moon orbit that changes its route a little in the different seasons due to changes of the axis of the earth, and consequently this change affect the gravity of the earth on the moon. I drew a shape (though is not scientifically much) to show the example. The heads of the ellipse are where the moon returns to its start point.





the sun shall not outstrip the moon, nor shall the night outstrip the day. each is floating in an orbit. (40)

This points to the so accuracy of the time of movement and replacement of the moon, when clock was not invented yet! It also points to the different height of the sun and moon in the space that they never meet each other.
 

Mansoor

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it was not in play that we created the heavens (spaces) and the earth and all that lies between them. (16)

had we wished to take to us an amusement we would have taken it to us from ours had we done so. (17)




I brought this verse to show the character and manner of God in creation. He tells, he didn’t create the world aimlessly, fantastically or as a virtual world out of science and logic. As you know, everything and every phenomenon in the universe has a logical and scientific basis. The blue planet, earth was not created miraculously just in a moment. The formation of that and the other numerous stars and planets in the space has an old materially and scientific history.
No one of them has been created miraculously or has a fantastic aspect out of the astronomy science. The phenomenon in the nature are so as well. Aside from some miracles that happened in the history exceptionally, all things in the nature are based on logic and science even the colorful and wonderful halos in the earth polar that apparently seems fantastically. God points to this fact that he doesn’t do anything in vain or playfully. In this verse, he introduces himself as the topmost scientists that doesn’t do anything out of knowledge and accurate science.
 

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…blessed is Allah, the best of creators! (14)

This is the last part of a longer verse that I chose because there is a fine and wonderful point in it.
If you pay attention more carefully you will notice, as God praises himself as a creator he has used the “creators” word instead of “one creator”!

Why?

In all the verses and chapters of the Koran God emphasis this word that he is one and is the only creator of the universe and beings. So why he has used the plural word, “creators” in this verse of his scripture?

In this verse “creators” doesn’t mean “other gods”. Here, God compares himself with those creatures who can create something and I think the only creature who is capable to innovate, invent and manufacture new things independently is only human. If we suppose the only being that can create new things is human, so we can say, God is expressing his endless ability in creation in compare with humans!
God doesn’t say, I’m a better creator but he says, I’m the best creator, while human himself is one of his creatures!

Now we pay to two issues; the creation of God and the creation of man!

The creation of God is perfect (dependent on the capacity of things that are created). God doesn’t need thinking, time, research, and tools to create something. Also, there is no mistake, failure, and defect in his creation to be needful to be changed later. When he wills to create something he creates it perfectly without any mistake and without he needs to change or repeat the process of the creation.

Human creates things as well but for creating something he needs many internal and external factors that requirement, thinking, knowledge, and experience are among them.
Apart from these issues, human goes advance in science and technology with some mistakes or lack of enough experience. He also needs to upgrade the versions of what he has made year after year because of some failures or insufficiency.

Today the Japanese, European and American scientist are using all their effort to produce a robot similar to a human! (I love this field of technology) Well, this is the inherent quality of humans (as God pointed to) to progress in science and creation, and these movement and development are not stoppable!
The scientists every month and year are making a new robot with more facilities, equipment, and programs to become more similar to a human. This effort can be appreciated in the science world.
Some robots are not similar to a human (in shape) but are working in the factories instead of groups of workers harder and more accurately.

Some of the robots in the research process have been created in the shape of a human, can move on feet, can speak, or answer some questions as they have been programmed!
But how much those robots have come close to become similar to a human that God created at one time (probably with different stages)!

Mansoor now is writing an article (interpretation) by himself without he has been equipped with limited programs for some special work or tasks. He can learn, feel, think, decide, recognize and analyze things independently. Just his body has millions of complex biological action and reaction mysteries! His body and instincts are similar to animals exactly but he is not an animal completely. Something mysterious is within his body that is different from animals totally; the mysterious and great thing that he doesn’t know it enough.
Creators of robots are admirable but what about the creator of the robot makers?!!

However, I wanted to interpret the verse that God put human in place of a creator but he praises himself as the best creator that nobody can attain his ability and dignity in creating things perfectly.
 
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Mansoor

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o people, if you are in doubt about the resurrection, remember that we first created you from dust, then, from a sperm drop, then from a clot, and then from a bite size tissue formed and unformed, so that we might clarify for you. we establish in the wombs whatever we will for an appointed term, and then we bring you forth as infants, then you come of age…(5)


This part of the verse of the Koran is especially thinkable and searchable for Biologists and Medical scientists who can confirm the sign based on the medical and biological findings of the stages of formation of a human infant in the covered womb of his mother.

At the time that Koran speaks about this matter, the medical science was at a very low level and the new technical devices such as developed X-ray, sonography, or MRI devices were not invented yet and neither people nor the old doctors could observe the stages of growth of sperm in the womb of a mother. They had only some inaccurate information about the biology and medical matters and just used herbal medicines for diseases experimentally.

At the time, God addresses the stages of the creation of a baby from sperm in the womb of his mother as a sign that God there is and his talking is not particular to the old-time, and the information is provable in the future by science and scientists.

In the verse, God points to this fact that human has been created from the components of soil or dust or mud (water and soil). That’s right.

Surely a sperm get not formation from the air or pure water solely. All the chemical components of the body of a human being from the same elements that are found in the dust, plus to the systematic biological creation that the majority of the that are still unclear for scientists. (the scientists have not yet discovered, how an alive being is created from the mineral elements). Also, God himself didn’t address this great and complex matter of creation.

It is not obvious for me that whether this great subject is out of the understanding of human or it will be discoverable in the future, but based on another verse (that I will pose here later), the source and mystery of the bio creation is out of the usual science and capacity of the human.
 

Mansoor

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The beginning of creation of the world [ Big Bang]

These are two verses of two different chapters of the Koran that address the beginning of creation and expanding of the world

Have the unbelievers not seen that the heavens (spaces) and the earth were compacted as one mass, then we expanded them, ... (30)

Based on evidences and scientific research the astronomy scientists have discovered the world ( galaxies, stars, planets and mass of different gases) has been a great unit mass and then milliard years ago because of a so great explosion it has been expanded around, and the expanding of the world continues so. This event is called "great explosion" or Big Bang. The above verse of the Koran point to the event vividly.

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on that day, we shall roll up the heaven (space) like a written scroll is rolled. as we originated the first creation, so will we bring it back again. this is a binding promise on us which we shall assuredly fulfill. (104)

This verse points to the same event but this time speaks about destroying the world or end of the world, in contrary to its creation beginning. In this verse, God simulate the world like a scroll that has been opened (expanded) revolving in the beginning of the creation and he will roll it up to its initial state again in the future. in other words, when expanding the world (like a scroll) reaches its final level the expansion will stop and the contraction (shrinkage) of the world begin and the world will go back to its beginning point. (scientists have not discovered this because it is relative to the future and its signs have not appeared yet)

I can show you the event with two pictures:








If you look at two pictures you will notice their similarities. The shape of a galaxy is similar to a scroll paper. The expanding of the world also has happened like such the galaxy with the same figure.

Here we understand why God simulated the creation of the world to the scroll, and how this revolving expansion will stop finally and the contraction of the world will start just like a scroll that is rolled up.
 

Mansoor

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God points to the fingerprint of the human!


Has the human supposed we shall never gather his bones? (3)

yes, we are able to shape his fingertips yet again! (4)



Why does God mention the fingertip of the human instead of more important organs such as the eye and ear that typically have more complex structures? What is on the fingertip of the human ( while it seems a simple part of the body) that God points to it as an astonishing creation?!

it is the fingerprint of the milliards of humans in history that the fingerprint of a human has never been similar to another human! There are not two humans that the print of their fingers are similar.

Here comes up a question. It is how many years that scientists could discover the spiral lines of the fingers that can be used as a reliable sign to identify the individuality of a person, especially instead of a signature or in criminology?! Based on some evidence the history of fingerprint goes back to the 17 century, 320 years ago in Europe?

Of course, it is told, the trace of the fingertips of the old Chinese people are found on some ancient pots or in the cave. It is told those people used their fingertips as the signatures but this type of usage of fingertips had been different from the nowadays usage of the fingerprint.
The ancient Chinese people just paid attention to the total shape and size of a fingertip, not the tens lines on it. They had not discovered the difference of the fingertip lines, and also they had not developed tools (such as a lens) to be able to compare two different fingerprints. They also hadn't the necessary tools and equipment to transfer a fingerprint from a solid pot on paper for identifying (this method was discovered in recent centuries).

Therefore, discovering the different forms of lines of the various persons' fingertip is relative to recent history and the ancient people didn't know anything about nowadays fingerprint.
 
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