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Question on 閉じて。Not sure about the て ending

musicisgood

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Ex. きょうかしょ を とじて ください。

I know kyoukasho means textbooks.
tojite close, but how does the te form come into place here?

does it mean like a capacity or function of doing ?


Thanks
 

mdchachi

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Ex. きょうかしょ を とじて ください。

I know kyoukasho means textbooks.
tojite close, but how does the te form come into place here?

does it mean like a capacity or function of doing ?


Thanks
It's a request or a command as in "please close your textbook."
 

mdchachi

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So when I see て then I can expect like a " command" in the sentence ?
て can have other functions but if it ends with the て or てください it's a most likely command. Examples:

まどをあけてください = Please open the window
しおをわたして = Pass the salt
ドアをしめてくれませんか? = Won't you shut the door for me?

Other common uses of て are to string verbs together.

たべてのみました = ate and drank.
すしをたべてビールをのみました = ate sushi and drank beer.
かえっておふるにはいりました = went home and took a bath.
てれびをみておどりました = watched TV and was surprised.
コーヒーをのんでいきます = [I'll] drink coffee and go.

And て + いる turns to the "-ing" form. e.g.

たべています = am eating
あそんでいます = am playing
ないていました = was crying
 

musicisgood

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て can have other functions but if it ends with the て or てください it's a most likely command. Examples:

まどをあけてください = Please open the window
しおをわたして = Pass the salt
ドアをしめてくれませんか? = Won't you shut the door for me?

Other common uses of て are to string verbs together.

たべてのみました = ate and drank.
すしをたべてビールをのみました = ate sushi and drank beer.
かえっておふるにはいりました = went home and took a bath.
てれびをみておどりました = watched TV and was surprised.
コーヒーをのんでいきます = [I'll] drink coffee and go.

And て + いる turns to the "-ing" form. e.g.

たべています = am eating
あそんでいます = am playing
ないていました = was crying
That's what I've been searching for all along. You sure are very helpful. Thank you.
 
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