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〜に〜を許す

zuotengdazuo

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技術的に使用が困難という話以前に、DEMの出向社員たる真那にしか起動が許されていない装備だったのだ。

Hi. Is the underlined part a fixed pattern somebodyにsomethingを許す that means “allow somebody something”?
Thank you.
 

Toritoribe

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I don't think it's a set expression, but yes, "someone に an action noun を許す" means "someone に an action noun をすることを許可する". Note that the noun must be an action noun for this expression.
 

zuotengdazuo

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Thank you. Does the に indicate target here? Like “towards”?
 

zuotengdazuo

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Thank you again.
By the way, since the pattern is ~に~を許す, why isn’t 真那にしか起動許されていない used in this sentence?
 

Toritoribe

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It's simply because 許される is passive.
真那に起動を許す
真那に起動が許される

cf.
彼女に手紙を渡す
彼女に手紙が渡される

彼に事情を話す
彼に事情が話される

EDIT:
Additional information: 真那に起動を許される is also valid as a passive sentence. In this case, 真那 is the one who allows to activate/boot it, and the speaker or someone else is the one who is allowed to do it.
 

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