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Why is で used in the following phrase:

GenjiMain

後輩
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Hi all. In my notes I have the phrase "日本語の宿題何をしなければいけませんか". Why is で used instead of は or が (or are my notes just wrong)?

Thanks in advance.
 

Toritoribe

松葉解禁
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It's considered as a variation of で that indicates the location of action (cf. 体育の授業で縄跳びをする, 野球の練習でキャッチボールをする).
は is just the topicalization of で. In fact, では works perfectly fine.
Why do you think が is appropriate there?
 

Made in Japan

Kouhai
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Hi.
If you wrote
日本語の宿題何をしなければいけませんか?
Will translate as "What does the Japanese homework need to do?"
I'll lay some examples.

人が通ります A person is passing
橋が落ちます The bridge is falling
船が出ます The ship is sailing off
手が痛い My hand hurts
紐がゆるい The string is loose
空が青い The sky is blue
靴が臭い The shoes stinks

Notice that the subject is creating the state.
 
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