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Use of Japanese word

ericlai1188

Registered
3 Feb 2004
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Dear SIR/MADAM:

私は エッリ です

hello, I have some confuse to use the Japanese as following:

が で に は へ

Could you help me to get more details to use about the above word.

From book or other website or other....

Thanks and Regards

どうも ありがどうございます!

ヱッリ
 
I dont think its a word as such, they are particles. They are used in japanese as a main part of grammar. Putting them after or before something defines what the words are, ie subject verb object etc.

Quickly;
---ga subject
---de at/with (place de - at 'place', hashi de - by using chopsticks)
---ni at/to (1ji ni - at 1 oclock, place ni - to 'place', boku ni - to me)
---(ha)wa main subject
---(h)e at

some other useful ones are
no - possesive marker, like 'watashi no' means mine. 'anata no' yours etc
(w)o - subject that an action is done to, like to eat pizza would be pizza wo taberu
 
Originally posted by Ewok85
I dont think its a word as such, they are particles. They are used in japanese as a main part of grammar. Putting them after or before something defines what the words are, ie subject verb object etc.

Quickly;

Yeah 'quickly' is the reason I didn't reply.
If you want to go into any detail it's pretty difficult to explain.

---(ha)wa main subject
This one's had it's coverage improved recently at

JG|ha
JG|ha-2

---ga subject
---de at/with (place de - at 'place', hashi de - by using chopsticks)
---ni at/to (1ji ni - at 1 oclock, place ni - to 'place', boku ni - to me)
---(h)e at
I'd say 'he (e)' is more of a 'towards' than an 'at'.
Generally when you can use either 'he' or 'ni' in a sentence there will be no difference in meaning between the two.


JGram has other particles listed included as well, but those entries aren't as detailed yet.

JG|ga [subject]
JG|ga-2 [but]
JG|de [at]
JG|da [copula, connective form is also 'de']
JG|ni [location, time, direction marker]
JG|ni-2 [indirect object marker]
JG|he [towards]
 
Dear all:

Thanks for your help.

Ewok85, PaulTB, and Elizabeth.

Yours reply is very important to me, the particles is quite important in Japanese (In my mind).

Thanks a lot!

Best Regards

ericlai1188
 
Hi ericlai1188!

This may be of help:


kawa ni oyogu = swim into a river (e.g., from the ocean)

kawa e oyogu = swim towards a river (not exactly entering it)

kawa de oyogu = swim around in a river

kawa o oyogu = swim the entire length of a river
 
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