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15 Mar 2002
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Shoshazan Engyoji Temple

The Shoshazan Engyō-ji (書寫山圓教寺, "Temple of Complete Teachings") is a temple of the Tendai sect of Buddhism located northwest of Himeji City.


The Engyō-ji was founded in 966 on top of Mount Shosha (371 meters) by the priest Shōku Shōnin (性空上人, 910-1007) in what was then known as Harima Province (modern-day Hyōgo Prefecture). It is the twenty-seventh station of the Thirty-Three Temples of the Western Pilgrimage (西国三十三所 Saigoku Sanjūsan-sho) in the Kansai region of Japan, of similar fame as the Shikoku Pilgrimage. As is the case with many of the great temples and edifices of Japan, it was destroyed by fire several times (in the 14th century, in 1898, and in 1921), but a pagoda from 1184, the Daikōdō (lecture hall) and a shōrō (bell tower) from the 14th century, as well as the Kongodō dating back to the...

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