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rarely, seldom, hardly, and hardly ever

hirashin

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Would all the following sentences mean almost the same?
(a) I rarely listens to the radio.
(b) I seldom listens to the radio.
(c) I hardly listens to the radio.
(d) I hardly ever listens to the radio.

Hirashin
 

mdchachi

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"Listens" should not be plural in all of these examples.

(a) I rarely listen to the radio.
(b) I seldom listen to the radio.
(c) I hardly listen to the radio.
(d) I hardly ever listen to the radio.

For sure (a), (b) and (d) all mean about the same.
For (c), "hardly" by itself is hardly ever used in this way.
I'm not sure if it's grammatically incorrect or not but certainly it doesn't sound natural to me.
I found a reference:
https://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20090503230920AA82VuL
 

hirashin

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Thank you for the help, mdchachi.
I made a mistake. Sorry. I know you don't say "I listens to the radio."
For some reason your link does not work.
I think you can say "hardly" and "scarcely" are synonyms and "rarely"
and "seldom" are also synonyms but rarely or seldom is a little different from
hardly or scarcely.

How about this one?
(e) I _____ know about your country.
I guess you can put "hardly" but not "rarely", "seldom" or "hardly ever".
Am I right?

Hirashin
 

mdchachi

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For some reason your link does not work.
Strange. It works for me. Anyway here is the text:

What is the difference between "hardly' and hardly ever"?

Best Answer: "Hardly" refers to amount or degree and it means "almost not."
"Hardly ever" refers to frequency and it means "almost never."
You can often use "hardly" to replace "hardly ever."
You usually cannot use "hardly ever" to replace "hardly."
Look at the examples and notice the difference. Try to substitute them and see if it works.

A: How much did you study for your exam?
B: I hardly studied.
(I studied for just a few minutes.)

A: How often did you study for your exams in college?
B: I hardly ever studied in college.
(I rarely studied for any of my exams in college.)

A: I'm so hungry!
B: Well, you've hardly eaten today.
(You haven't eaten much today.)

A: I'm so fat!
B: No, you're not! You hardly ever eat!
(You don't eat often.)

Source(s): I'm an English teacher.
How about this one?
(e) I _____ know about your country.
I guess you can put "hardly" but not "rarely", "seldom" or "hardly ever".
Am I right?
Yes I agree.
 
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