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How do you use "must" or "have to" in Japanese?

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Ikumia

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I am very unsure on how to use "must" or "have to". What is the sentence structure?
I also have been trying to figure out how to say:
"You (must/have to) wear a collared shirt and also (must/have to) wear long pants."

I'd appreciate the help. Thank you!
 

user46182

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I screwed up really bad. Sorry. I am looking for the delete button right now.

Rats! Can an admin, or somebody delete my post. Please.
 

Ikumia

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I screwed up really bad. Sorry. I am looking for the delete button right now.

Rats! Can an admin, or somebody delete my post. Please.
It's okay! I will also take your advice and apply it to future writing assignments. Although English is my first language, I am not good at it. Thank you!
 

Toritoribe

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Ronan Bell

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The way to say must/have to involves a negative conditional. There are three choices: the ば conditional, the と conditional, and ては for this grammar. These are followed by either いけない, ならない, orだめ.
So, for example, we can have, etc:

[Sentence] なければいけない。 = I must do [Sentence].

[Sentence] なくてはいけない。 = I must do [Sentence].

[Sentence]なくてはならない。 = I must do [Sentence].

[Sentence] ないとだめ。 = I must do [Sentence].

仕事に行かなければいけない。  must go to work.
               (=If
doesn’t go to work, it’s no good.)
部屋を掃除しなくてはならない。 I have to clean my room.

The difference between each ending is in formality: なくては is usually used in writing, and the other two are used in speech, but ないと is more casual than なければ. And the formality of the other endings is ならない > いけない > だめ, with だめ being most casual.

So your example sentence would be
襟付きのシャツも長いズボンも着用しなければなりません。 ​
 

Ikumia

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The following thread, especially this post might be somewhat helpful to understand the difference among those and some other expressions for "must/have to".
Have to | Japan Forum

ありがとうございます。
 

Ikumia

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The way to say must/have to involves a negative conditional. There are three choices: the ば conditional, the と conditional, and ては for this grammar. These are followed by either いけない, ならない, orだめ.
So, for example, we can have, etc:

[Sentence] なければいけない。 = I must do [Sentence].

[Sentence] なくてはいけない。 = I must do [Sentence].

[Sentence]なくてはならない。 = I must do [Sentence].

[Sentence] ないとだめ。 = I must do [Sentence].

仕事に行かなければいけない。  must go to work.
               (=If
doesn’t go to work, it’s no good.)
部屋を掃除しなくてはならない。 I have to clean my room.

The difference between each ending is in formality: なくては is usually used in writing, and the other two are used in speech, but ないと is more casual than なければ. And the formality of the other endings is ならない > いけない > だめ, with だめ being most casual.

So your example sentence would be
襟付きのシャツも長いズボンも着用しなければなりません。 ​
Thank you! This helped out a lot!
 
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