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Fukuzawa Yukichi

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JREF Editor
15 Mar 2002
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JREF submitted a new Article:

Fukuzawa Yukichi

Fukuzawa Yukichi (福澤諭吉, 1835-1901) was a prominent educator, writer, and propagator of Western knowledge during the Meiji Period (1868-1912), founder of Keio Gijuku (慶應義塾, a private college, later Keio University), of Japan's first daily newspaper Jiji Shinpō (時事新報) , and introduced the art of public speaking in Japan. His collected works, written over a period of thirty years, fill 22 large volumes and cover a variety of subjects ranging from philosophy to women's rights.

Fukuzawa was born in Ōsaka into the family of an impoverished low-ranking samurai of the the Okudaira clan of Nakatsu (中津, now part of Ōita Prefecture) in Kyushu. His father was a Confucian scholar who had to serve his feudal domain as an...

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