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A few short questions about specific japanese sentences

hydeMadeMeGay

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Hello everyone. I have a few questions about japanese that, by themselves, weren't worth writing a post but accumulated over time. They are very silly so i'm sorry if you thought otherwise.

1) What's the verb (and possible/probable particles involved) for calling someone by a specific name? I was thinking about a sentence where someone says that their real name is X but people called him Y instead (for example an artistic name). I only know 呼ぶ but I don't know if it serves the same purpose.

2) Is it possible to use double が in a sentence? If so, is this sentence correct?

" 写真を撮るのが興味がないんです"

3) Even tho I kinda get the difference in meaning I sometimes fail when choosing the appropriate verb between 電話する and 電話をかける. Is there any proper advice?

4) How do I recognize when it is better to use a noun as the object of a するverb (as in をする) and when it is not.
 

Toritoribe

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1)
Yes, 呼ぶ is appropriate.

2)
There is no problem with double が.
e.g.
彼女が興味があるのはファッションだ。

However, your example is wrong since 写真を撮るの is not the subject who is not interested in it. に should be used instead of the first が.
写真を撮ることに興味がないんです。
(撮るの is acceptable, but こと is preferred here since のに has another usage as "although/nevertheless".)

3)
電話(を)する focuses on the action "talking to/with someone via phone", on the other hand, 電話をかける is more on the action "to make a phone call". For instance, 彼女に電話しておいて actually means 彼女に電話して伝えておいて "Call her and tell that", and 電話をかけておいて is hardly used here.

4)
When the noun is modified by a phrase or clause, you always need to use を.
e.g.
○店に電話をした。
○店に電話した。
○店に苦情の電話をした。
×店に苦情の電話した。
○妻に遅くなるという電話をした。
×妻に遅くなるという電話した。
○妻に遅くなると電話をした。
○妻に遅くなると電話した。
(妻に遅くなると doesn't modify 電話 in the last two examples.)
 

hydeMadeMeGay

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Thanks a lot! One more thing. Is it common/natural to say thank you for refraining from doing X thing? If so, do you use ことに and 遠慮する?
 

Toritoribe

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Indirect expressions (i.e., not mentioning directly "for your not doing something") ご配慮いただきありがとうございます, 気を使っていただいてありがとうございます or お気遣い感謝いたします would be more commonly used for that situation.
 
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