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始めてですか、葬式に来られたのは?

healer

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Is 来られた above a passive form with adversity?
I'm not sure here who is adversely affected.
Is it the host or the visitor?
 

Toritoribe

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That's honorific. Haven't you learned that the passive form of verbs also works as a respectful form?

Only the host can be the recipient of adversity when 来られた is the passive of adversity.
e.g.
来てほしくない奴に来られて困った。
 

healer

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Thanks Toritoribe-san for reminding me.
I did learn that but haven't seen much to get them stick.
Does passive form used as respectful form apply to all verbs, transitive and intransitive included?
 

Toritoribe

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Yes. Passive form is commonly used in daily conversation where honorific forms like "お -masu stem になる " or special honorific verbs like いらっしゃる or 召し上がる sound too polite, i.e., distant/remote/standoffish.
 
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