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をよそに vs 顧みず(かえりみず)

klvnh

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Hi everyone,

In an online article, I ran into 顧みず(かえりみず)which I have never seen before previously. So I decided to look up what this particular grammar pattern meant. To my surprise, I found it that it had a very similar meaning to をよそに. I was wondering if anyone knows the difference between the two, whether that may be what context it is used in or how it should be used.

Thanks.
 

Toritoribe

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The original meaning of よそ is "other place", so ~をよそに has a nuance of unconcern, and the main clause is always negative/bad things.
顧みる means "to take notice of/pay attention to/think of", and ~を/も顧みず(に) is the adverbial usage of a negative form. The meaning is close to ~をよそに, but positive/good things can follow this expression. That's the main difference.
e.g.
医者の忠告をよそに/顧みず、彼は酒を飲み続けた。
Disregarding the doctor's advice, he kept drinking.

彼は危険も顧みず、海に飛び込んで彼女を救った。(をよそに can't be used here)
Reckless of danger, he jumped into the sea and saved her.
 

klvnh

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Thank you for the reply, Totoribe. I have understood most of the differences.
However, not being familiar with linguistic terms, I'm not quite sure what the ' adverbial usage of a negative form' means. Could you perhaps explain that point a bit more?

Thanks.
 

Toritoribe

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As you might know, ず is a classical negative auxiliary verb, and 顧みず(に) corresponds to 顧みないで "without taking notice of/paying attention to/thinking of" in modern Japanese.
 
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