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“Alphabetical order” in Japanese

Buntaro

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I have a question about “alphabetical order” in Japanese. Is it:

(1) ゲタ
(2) ゲーテ
(3) ゲテ
(4) ゲト

or

(1) ゲタ
(2) ゲテ
(3) ゲーテ
(4) ゲト

(These are not really words, I just made them up.)
 

joadbres

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There is not one single, standard way of treating the vowel extension mark; it can be treated in any of several ways.

The most common method, I think, is to treat it as identical to the vowel sound it represents, and, in the case where there is a word which is spoken identically but contains the actual vowel instead of that mark, order the version containing the mark after.

This style of ordering, using your made-up example words, would look as follows:

ゲエテ
ゲーテ
ゲオテ
ゲタ
ゲテ
ゲト
 

Buntaro

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So ゲーテ would come before ゲテ. Thanks!
 
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