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period

  1. Kamakura Period

    History Kamakura Period

    The Kamakura Period (鎌倉時代 Kamakura jidai, 1185-1333) is the historical period that corresponds to the rule of the Kamakura shōgun. It is named after the city of Kamakura where the shogunal government was located. While 1333 - the year in which the Kamakura shogunate was destroyed - is the...
  2. Sengoku Period

    History Sengoku Period

    Warring States Period (1467-1568) The Sengoku Period (戦国時代) lasted from 1467, the beginning of the Ōnin War (応仁の乱 Ōnin no Ran), until 1568, the year Oda Nobunaga entered Kyōto to assert national hegemony. Some historians date it from 1490, when Hosokawa Katsumoto (細川 勝元, 1430-1473), the kanrei...
  3. Kofun Period

    History Kofun Period

    Kofun Period (250-538) The Kofun Period (古墳時代 Kofun jidai) refers to the protohistoric period of Japan, usually dated from 250 to ca 538 CE, characterised by the construction of large tumuli or tomb mounds (古墳 kofun). It is generally divided into two phases: early (4th century), and late 5th and...
  4. Heian Period - Part 3

    History Heian Period - Part 3

    Heian Period (794-1185) Heian Period (Part 1): Heiankyō, institutions, politics and government Heian Period (Part 2): land tenure Heian Period (Part 3): cultural life, religion, literature, art Heian Cultural Life While most historians regard the political and economic developments of the...
  5. Heian Period - Part 2

    History Heian Period - Part 2

    Heian Period (794-1185) Heian Period (Part 1): Heiankyō, institutions, politics and government Heian Period (Part 2): land tenure Heian Period (Part 3): cultural life, religion, literature, art Heian land tenure In the mid-seventh century, the ruling family in Yamato maintained an unstable...
  6. Heian Period - Part 1

    History Heian Period - Part 1

    Heian Period (794-1185) Heian Period (Part 1): Heiankyō, institutions, politics and government Heian Period (Part 2): land tenure Heian Period (Part 3): cultural life, religion, literature, art The Heian Period (平安時代 Heian jidai) spans almost 400 years from 794, when Emperor Kammu established...
  7. Nara Period

    History Nara Period

    Nara Period (710-784) The Nara Period (奈良時代 Nara jidai) is the historical period beginning in 710, the year the capital was moved from Fujiwarakyō to Heijōkyō (the modern-day city of Nara), and ending in 784 when the capital was moved to Nagaokakyō. The ten years at Nagaokakyō (784-794) are...
  8. Asuka Period

    History Asuka Period

    Asuka Period (538-710) The Asuka Period (飛鳥時代 Asuka jidai) is defined as a subdivision of the Yamato Period (ca 250-710 CE) or – by other accounts – as the Late Kofun Period, variously dated but centered in the reign (593-628) of Empress Suiko (推古天皇 Suiko-tennō, 554-628), the first of Japan’s...
  9. Yayoi Period

    History Yayoi Period

    The Yayoi period (弥生時代 Yayoi jidai) is a prehistoric period of Japan, usually dated from 300 BCE to ca 300 CE, during which wet-rice agriculture and the use of bronze and iron first appeared in Japan. The term Yayoi refers to certain characteristic pottery discovered in the Yayoi quarter of...
  10. Jomon Period

    History Jomon Period

    The Jomon Period (縄文時代 Jōmon jidai, ca 11000 BCE-ca 300 BCE) is generally identified with hunting and gathering ways of life, especially the intense utilisation of marine resources in shellfish collecting and deep-sea fishing. The name of this period derives from the jōmon (cord-markings) that...
  11. Taisho Period

    History Taisho Period

    The Taishō era (大正時代, lit. “Great Righteousness”, 1912-1926) is the period of the Taishō Emperor‘s reign. The health of the new emperor was weak, which prompted the shift in political power from the old oligarchic clique of “elder statesmen” (genrō) to the parliament and the democratic parties...
  12. Meiji Period

    History Meiji Period

    The Meiji Era (明治時代 1868-1912) designates the reign of the Meiji Emperor. During this time, Japan started its modernisation and rose to world power status. In 1867, 15-year old Mutsuhito succeeded his father, the Emperor Komei (孝明天皇, Kōmei-tennō), taking the title Meiji, meaning “enlightened...
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