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  1. ghawst

    When to use -te aru instead of -te iru?

    I'm new so I hope I am posting this in the right place. From the book(s) I am learning from I have learned that 'aru' should be used instead of 'iru' in the -te iru form when the verb is (or is used as) a transitive verb. But I think I remember seeing 'miru' used with 'iru' and not 'aru' in this...
  2. Izenkei

    Language Izenkei

    The izenkei conjugation (已然形) is also called the hypothetical form and has only one function in modern Japanese: combined with + ば (ba) it is one of several conditional forms, translated as “if” or “when”. No contractions occur with the izenkei. Find more information on the use of the izenkei +...
  3. Rentaikei

    Language Rentaikei

    The rentaikei conjugation (連体形) is the basic conjugation of verbs and verbal adjectives. This conjugation is also the form under which you would look for a word in a dictionary. It is therefore often referred to as the “dictionary form” or attributive form. The rentaikei has two functions: The...