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  1. Mukasa Castle

    Castle Mukasa Castle

    Mukasa Castle (穆佐城) is located at the western end of the Miyazaki Plain created by the Ōyodo River (大淀川), about six kilometres west of Miyazaki city centre. The castle was first mentioned in the Nanboku-chō period when the Northern and the Southern court competed for hegemony. Hatakeyama...
  2. Japan's Castles: Citadels of Modernity in War and Peace

    History Japan's Castles: Citadels of Modernity in War and Peace

    An innovative examination of heritage politics in Japan, showing how castles have been used to re-invent and recapture competing versions of the pre-imperial past and project possibilities for Japan's future. Oleg Benesch and Ran Zwigenberg argue that Japan's modern transformations can be traced...
  3. Hikone Castle

    Hikone Castle

    A turret at Hikone Castle
  4. Izaku Castle

    Castle Izaku Castle

    Izaku Castle (伊作城 Izaku-jō) is a castle complex in the town of Hioki, Kagoshima Prefecture, that was constructed in the 13th century. It served as the headquarters of the Shimazu clan until 1536 when Shimazu Takahisa relocated his base to Ichiūji Castle. (一宇治城) History: Izaku Castle itself...
  5. Matsuyama Castle

    Castle Matsuyama Castle

    Matsuyama Castle (松山城 Matsuyama-jō) is a hirayamajiro (平山城, flatland mountain castle) located in Matsuyama City, Ehime Prefecture. It was constructed between 1603 and 1614 by Katō Yoshiaki (加藤嘉明, 1563-1631) and was built on the 132-metre tall Mount Katsuyama. It is also known as Katsuyama...
  6. Matsushiro Castle

    Castle Matsushiro Castle

    Matsushiro Castle (松代城 Matsushiro-jō) is a "flatland castle" (平城 hirajiro) located in the south of the Nagano Basin, between two arms of Chikuma River. Fans of Takeda Shingen and Uesugi Kenshin might be more familiar with its moniker "Kaizu Castle" (海津城 Kaizu-jō). Shingen constructed Kaizu...
  7. Edo Castle

    Castle Edo Castle

    Edo Castle (江戸城 Edo-jō) was built by Ōta Dōkan (太田道灌, 1432-1486) in 1457. In the Edo Period (1603-1868), it was the administrative headquarters of the Tokugawa Shogunate, the residence of the shōgun, and the largest castle in Japan at its time. Although it is classified as a flatland castle (平城...
  8. Futagamiyama Castle

    Castle Futagamiyama Castle

    Futagamiyama Castle (二上山城 Futagamiyama-jō) is located in Iwami Town in Tottori Prefecture. It was a fortress constructed by Yamana Tokiuji (山名時氏), a commander of the Nanboku-chō Period (1336 to 1392) when the Northern Court, supported by Shogun Ashikaga Takauji, and the Southern Court...
  9. Castles of the Samurai

    History Castles of the Samurai

    From the Publisher The castles of Japan are both technical and aesthetic marvels. They are technical marvels in that they are perfectly suited to their roles of defensive fortresses and administrative centers in time of war. They are aesthetic marvels in that every curve and line reflects an...
  10. Sugaya Castle

    Castle Sugaya Castle

    Sugaya Castle (菅谷城) is located in Ranzan, Hiki District, in Saitama Prefecture and allegedly the site of the former residence of Hatakeyama Shigetada, an important retainer of the Kamakura Shogunate in the early Kamakura period (1185-1333). The castle was designated a National Historic Site in...
  11. Ogura Castle

    Castle Ogura Castle

    Ogura Castle (小倉城) is a Sengoku-era hilltop castle located in Tokigawa Town, Saitama Prefecture. It stretched over three mountain ridges and was situated just 600 metres from the Tsuki River, forming a natural stronghold that allowed to monitor the traffic on the river. It was fortified with...
  12. Tenjinyama Castle

    Castle Tenjinyama Castle

    This article is about castle ruins that are a little bit different from what we usually explore. Tenjinyama Castle (天神山城) is located in Nagatoro, Saitama Prefecture, on top of a hill on the eastern bank of the Arakawa River. The map is based on Google Earth; the location of the enclosure...
  13. Koga Castle

    Castle Koga Castle

    Koga City is situated on the westernmost tip of Ibaraki Prefecture, at the confluence of Tone River in the south and Watarase River in the west. The town prospered as an important traffic point along the Nikko Highway. Koga Castle (古河城 Koga-jō) was built in the late Heian Era on the banks of the...
  14. Hachigata Castle

    Castle Hachigata Castle

    Hachigata Castle (鉢形城), located in Yorii-machi, Saitama Prefecture, is a hilltop castle (山城 yamashirō) that formed a natural fortress between the Arakawa River and the Fukazawa River. Modern-day Yorii is a vital traffic hub where JR Hachikō Line, Tōbu Tōjō Line and Chichibu Railway intersect...
  15. Masugata Castle

    Castle Masugata Castle

    Masugata Castle (枡形城 Masugata-jō) is located in Tama Ward, Kawasaki, Kanagawa Prefecture. The castle was constructed on a hill facing the southern banks of Tama River. This map is based on Tokyo Terrain Map powered by Gridscapes.net. The castle site formed a formidable stronghold...
  16. Kozukue Castle

    Castle Kozukue Castle

    The remains of Kozukue Castle (小机城 Kozukue-jō) are located in present-day Kōhoku Ward, Yokohama. The castle was thought to be built by the Uesugi clan during the Eikyō Rebellion (永享の乱 Eikyō-no-ran) in 1438/39. The Uesugi were a powerful samurai family that descended from the Fujiwara, and that...
  17. Inohana Castle

    Castle Inohana Castle

    Inohana Castle (亥鼻城 ), also known as Chiba Castle, is located in Chiba City and was constructed on the Inohana Plateau, close to the present-day Chiba Prefectural Office. The Chiba clan (千葉氏), a cadet branch of the Kanmu Heike clan,* established a fortification there as early as 1126. For some...
  18. Miharu Castle

    Castle Miharu Castle

    Miharu Castle (三春城) is located in Miharu-machi in the Abukuma Mountains, 10km east of Koriyama in Fukushima Prefecture. Being an old castle town, Miharu has many temples and a picturesque town centre held in traditional Japanese style. The castle lies on a hill called Shiroyama and faces the...
  19. Tsuchiura Castle

    Castle Tsuchiura Castle

    Tsuchiura Castle (土浦城 Tsuchiura-jō) is a flatland castle (平城 hirajiro) located in the wetlands along the western shore of Lake Kasumigaura, at the mouth of the Sakuragawa (桜川), in Ibaraki Prefecture. It is also known as Kijō (亀城, Turtle castle), because in times of severe flooding it looked...
  20. Oda Castle

    Castle Oda Castle

    Oda Castle (小田城) is a Japanese flatland castle located in Ibaraki Prefecture. It faces the scenic Mount Tsukuba in the north. The map is based on Google Earth. Since the Kamakura Period (1185-1333), members of the distinguished Oda clan had been the successive lords of the castle. During...
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