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  1. Yamanaka Castle

    Yamanaka Castle

    Yamanaka Castle (山中城 Yamanaka-jō) was a yamajiro-style castle built by the Odawara Hōjō clan in Tagata District, Izu Province, in modern-day eastern Mishima, Shizuoka Prefecture. The castle site was designated a National Historic Site in 1988. Yamanaka Castle lies in the Hakone mountains...
  2. Hirayama Castle Site Park

    Castle Hirayama Castle Site Park

    Hirayama Castle Site Park (平山城址公園) is a park maintained by the Tōkyō Metropolitan Government in the northern Tama Hills, straddling Hachiōji City and Hino City, Tōkyō. Adjacent to the park is the Tōkyō University of Pharmacy and Human Sciences, the Keiō Training Centre (Keiō Museum of Archives)...
  3. Katakura Castle

    Castle Katakura Castle

    Katakura Castle (片倉城 Katakura-jō) is a Sengoku-era flatland mountain castle (平山城 hirayamajō) located on the tip of a hill overhanging the confluence of the Yudono (湯殿川) and Hyōe (兵衛川) rivers, about 1 kilometre south of Hachiōji. It has steep hills on three sides to the north, east and south, but...
  4. Tsukui Castle

    Castle Tsukui Castle

    Tsukui Castle (津久井城 Tsukui-jō) was a mountain castle located on Shiroyama (城山), which rises along the Sagami River in western Sagamihara, Kanagawa. It was situated along a highway linking Sagami and Kai provinces along the Sagami River and was an important transport hub, bordering Hachiōji in...
  5. Shoryuji Castle

    Castle Shoryuji Castle

    Shōryūji Castle (勝龍寺城 Shōryūji-jō) is located in Nagaokakyo in the south-west of Kyōto, at the confluence of the Obata and Inugawa Rivers in the southwest of the Kyōto Basin, at the crossroads of the Saigoku Highway (西国街道) and Koganawate (久我畷) connecting the city to the west. The name of the...
  6. Yodo Castle

    Castle Yodo Castle

    Yodo Castle (淀城 Yodo-jō) was a Japanese castle located in Yodo, Kuze District, Yamashiro Province (now Yodo Honmachi, Fushimi-ku, Kyōto). Today, only the stone walls and part of the moat of the main castle remain. During the Edo period, the castle was occupied by the Matsudaira, the Toda, the...
  7. Fushimi Castle

    Castle Fushimi Castle

    Fushimi Castle (伏見城 Fushimi-jō) is located in the Fushimi district of Kyōto. It is also known as Momoyama Castle (桃山城 Momoyama-jō) or Fushimi-Momoyama Castle. Toyotomi Hideyoshi built the castle as a residence in the Azuchi-Momoyama period. The current structure is a replica constructed in 1964...
  8. Sonobe Castle

    Castle Sonobe Castle

    Do you know which was the last castle to be built in Japan? The answer is, of course, Sonobe Castle (園部城 Sonobe-jō). It was built in the Meiji Period. And it was neither a military facility of the Meiji army nor a replica, but the main castle of the Sonobe Domain. After Tokugawa Ieyasu...
  9. Yagi Castle

    Castle Yagi Castle

    Yagi Castle (八木城 Yagi-jō) was a Japanese castle located in the vicinity of Yagi, Nantan, Kyōto Prefecture and Kanzen, Miyamae, Kameoka. It is one of the three major castles in Tamba Province (丹波国), along with Kuroi Castle (黒井城 Kuroi-jō) and Yakami Castle (八上城 Yakamii-jō). The castle is...
  10. Tamba Kameyama Castle

    Castle Tamba Kameyama Castle

    Kameyama Castle (亀山城 Kameyama-jō) is a former hilltop castle located in Kameoka, the former province of Tamba (丹波国), about ten kilometres west of Kyōto. Its construction began under Akechi Mitsuhide (明智光秀, 1528-1582), a vassal of Oda Nobunaga, in the Tenshō period (天正, 1573–1592). It was...
  11. Koizumi Castle

    Castle Koizumi Castle

    Koizumi Castle (小泉城 Koizumi-jō) is a former flatland castle located in Oizumi (大泉町), Ora-gun, in southeastern Gumma Prefecture. The castle was built in 1489, the first year of the Entoku era (延徳, 1489-1492). Today, only the ruins of the castle (all of the inner moat, part of the outer moat and...
  12. Ashikaga Residence

    Travel Ashikaga Residence

    The former Ashikaga Residence (足利氏館) is located in Ashikaga City in southwestern Tochigi Prefecture on the northern banks of the Watarase River. In the late Heian Period, Minamoto Yoshikuni (源義国, 1082-1155), son of Minamoto Yoshiie (源義家, 1039-1106), also known as Hachimantarō, ruled the...
  13. Kawagoe Castle

    Castle Kawagoe Castle

    Kawagoe Castle (川越城 Kawagoe-jō) is a flatland castle located in Kawagoe, Saitama Prefecture. It was the seat of the Kawagoe Domain during the Edo Period (1600-1868) and also known as Hatsukari Castle (初雁城) and Kirigakure Castle (霧隠城). It is one of the Seven Famous Castles of Kantō and one of the...
  14. Nerima Castle

    Castle Nerima Castle

    Nerima Castle (練馬城 Nerima-jō) was constructed in the Muromachi Period. It is located in present-day Koyama, in the Nerima Ward of Tōkyō on the grounds of the former Toshimaen Amusement Park. Nerima Castle was probably built by the Toshima clan (豊島氏) at the end of the 14th century as a branch...
  15. Taka Castle

    Castle Taka Castle

    Taka Castle (高城 Taka-jō) is located in the heart of Miyazaki Prefecture. It was constructed on a long and narrow plateau between the Omaru (小丸川) and the Kirihara (切原川) rivers. It was one of the famous 48 castles of the Itō (伊東四十八城 Itō shitoya-jō) and is a Designated Cultural Property of Kijō...
  16. Mukasa Castle

    Castle Mukasa Castle

    Mukasa Castle (穆佐城) is located at the western end of the Miyazaki Plain created by the Ōyodo River (大淀川), about six kilometres west of Miyazaki city centre. The castle was first mentioned in the Nanboku-chō period when the Northern and the Southern court competed for hegemony. Hatakeyama...
  17. Koyama Castle

    Castle Koyama Castle

    Kōyama Castle (高山城 Kōyamajō) is a mountain castle in Kimotsuki located in the centre of Ōsumi Peninsula (大隅半島). It was the base of the local Kimotsuki clan who ruled this area until the end of the Sengoku Period and is also known as Kimotsuki Castle (肝付城 Kimotsukijō). The castle is a National...
  18. Shibushi Castle

    Castle Shibushi Castle

    Shibushi Castle (志布志城 Shibushi-jō) is a mountain castle (山城 yamajirō) located in Shibushi City in eastern Kagoshima (former Hyūga Province 日向国). A thriving port engaged in trade with foreign powers, the feudal lords of southern Kyūshu fought intense battles for its control in the Nanboku-chō...
  19. Obi Castle

    Castle Obi Castle

    Obi Castle (飫肥城 Obi-jō) is located in the city of Nichinan, in the south of former Hyūga Province (日向国, modern-day Miyazaki). The Shimazu and the Itō clans contested this area and its vital trade port of Aburatsu (油津) in a fierce conflict that could almost be called a "Hundred Years War". In the...
  20. Miyakono Castle

    Castle Miyakono Castle

    Miyakono Castle (都之城 Miyakono-jō) was a mountain castle (山城 yamashiro) located in Miyakonojo City (都城市) in Miyazaki Prefecture. It was also known as Tsurumaru Castle (鶴丸城 Tsurumaru-jō) and has been designated a Historic Site. Miyako-no Castle was built by Hongō Yoshihisa (北郷義久), the second...
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