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Sakunobe Castle

Local sights and landmarks: Sakunobe Castle.


Sakunobe Castle (作延城 Sakunobe-jō) was a flat mountain castle (平山城 hirayamajō) in present-day Shimosakunobe, Takatsu-ku, Kawasaki, allegedly constructed by Inage Saburō Shigenari (稲毛三郎重成), a member of the Oyamada clan in the early Kamakura period. The former castle grounds are located in the eastern parts of Midorigaoka Cemetery.

Shigenari resided near Masugata Castle, built on top of Mount Masugata in present-day Ikuta. He is believed to have lived in a manor at the foot of the hill. Sakunobe Castle may therefore have been a branch castle of Masugata. The exact location of Sakunobe Castle remains unknown. Also located on the mountain was Ikōji Temple (威光寺, nowadays known as Myōrakuji Temple 妙楽寺), where Minamoto no Yoritomo's younger brother Ano Zenjō (阿野全成) served as a monk.

In folklore, the area is still called Shiroyama (城山, "casle hill"). The New Edition of the Musashi Fudoki (新編武蔵風土記 Shimpen Musashi Fudokikō), a topography of Musashi Province compiled between 1804 and 1829, mentions place names such as Shiroyamabori (城山堀, "Shiroyama moat"), Yagurazuka (矢倉塚), and Tenshudai (天守台, "Donjon hill").

It is very likely that Sakunobe Castle, Kozuke Castle, and Masugata Castle were part of a defensive line established in the early Kamakura period to protect the northern approach to the shogunal capital. The same defensive line was later put in place by the Odawara Hōjō during the Sengoku period. According to Hōjō cadastral records, the military commander of Kamisakunobe-mura was Masuda Mitsuei (増田満栄), also known as Masuda Suruga no Kami Mitsuei (増田駿河守満栄), a vassal of Hōjō Ujitsuna, the lord of Tamanawa Castle (玉縄城) in Kamakura. In 1521, Mitsuei Masuda built Enpukuji temple (圓福寺) in Shimosakunobe.


Sakunobe Castle (作延城)


Sakunobe Castle (作延城)


Sakunobe Castle (作延城)


Sakunobe Castle (作延城)


Sakunobe Castle (作延城)


Sakunobe Castle (作延城)


Sakunobe Castle (作延城)


Sakunobe Castle (作延城)


Sakunobe Castle (作延城)


Address: 5-10-25 Shimosakunobe, Takatsu-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 213-0033

Access: A 5-minute walk from Tsudayama Station on the JR Nambu Line.

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Journal entry information

Author
thomas
Read time
2 min read
Views
920
Last update
Location
〒213-0033 神奈川県川崎市高津区下作延5丁目10−25

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