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History Tairō (大老)

Tairō (大老) – the highest-ranking government post of the Tokugawa shogunate. There was usually only one tairō or, at times, none.

Tairō (Japanese: 大老, "great elder") was a high-ranking official in the Tokugawa shogunate government of Japan, roughly comparable to the office of prime minister. The tairō presided over the governing rōjū council in the event of an emergency. A tairō was nominated from among the fudai daimyōs, who traditionally worked closely with the Tokugawa. Generally, the office holder was the shogunate's chief policymaker. It provided Japan with a capable temporary leader in the absence of a shōgun or if the shōgun was incapacitated.

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