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Geography Nagasaki (長崎)

Nagasaki (pop. 407,000) is one of the most well-known Japanese cities for Westerners. That is where the first Europeans arrived in the 16th century, but also the only port that remained open to foreign trade during Japan's two-and-a-half centuries of seclusion. Finally, it is where the second atomic bomb was dropped by the United States on 9 August 1945, bringing the Second World War to an end.




Nagasaki (長崎, lit. "Long Cape") is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture on the island of Kyushu in Japan. It became the sole port used for trade with the Portuguese and Dutch during the 16th through 19th centuries. The Hidden Christian Sites in the Nagasaki Region have been recognized and included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Part of Nagasaki was home to a major Imperial Japanese Navy base during the First Sino-Japanese War and Russo-Japanese War. Near the end of World War II, the American atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki made Nagasaki the second and, to date, last city in the world to experience a nuclear attack (at 11:02 am, August 9, 1945 'Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)').

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