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History Minamoto (源)

Minamoto (源) – the Minamoto clan defeated the rival Taira clan in 1185, establishing the first shogunate.



Minamoto (源) was one of the surnames bestowed by the Emperors of Japan upon members of the imperial family who were excluded from the line of succession and demoted into the ranks of the nobility from 1192 to 1333.[1] The practice was most prevalent during the Heian period (794–1185 AD), although its last occurrence was during the Sengoku period . The Taira were another such offshoot of the imperial dynasty, making both clans distant relatives. The Minamoto clan is also called the Genji (源氏), or less frequently, the Genke (源家), using the on'yomi reading for Minamoto. The Minamoto were one of four great clans that dominated Japanese politics during the Heian period—the other three were the Fujiwara, the Taira, and the Tachibana.

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