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Japan Glossary entries starting with T

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Large feudal daimyō domain located in present-day Kochi prefecture, South-Western Shikoku. Tosa Domain (土佐藩 Tosa-han) was a feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan, controlling all of Tosa Province in what is now Kōchi Prefecture on the island of Shikoku. It was...
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135
Tozama daimyō (外様) – a daimyō who had become a vassal of Tokugawa Ieyasu after the Battle of Sekigahara. There were tozama who had fought both for and against Ieyasu. Tozama daimyō (外様大名, "outside daimyō") was a class of powerful magnates or daimyō (大名) considered to be outsiders by the ruler...
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Tokusō (得宗) – the head of the mainline Hōjō clan, who monopolized the position of shikken during the Kamakura shogunate. Tokusō (得宗) was the title (post) held by the head of the mainline Hōjō clan, who also monopolized the position of shikken (regents to the shogunate) of the Kamakura...
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484
Tokugawa (徳川) – Tokugawa Ieyasu united Japan through force, becoming its shōgun in 1603. His family ruled in that position until 1867.
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129
Tandai (探題) – during the Kamakura and Muromachi periods, tandai was a colloquialism for a high-ranking official (for example a shikken or rensho) with governmental, judiciary or military responsibilities within a certain area. The term tandai (探題) is a Kamakura and Muromachi period...
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494
Tairō (大老) – the highest-ranking government post of the Tokugawa shogunate. There was usually only one tairō or, at times, none. Tairō (Japanese: 大老, "great elder") was a high-ranking official in the Tokugawa shogunate government of Japan, roughly comparable to the office of prime minister...
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314
Taikō (太閤) – a title frequently taken on by retired kampaku (imperial regents). The term is most commonly used in reference to Toyotomi Hideyoshi. In Japan, Sesshō (摂政) was a title given to a regent who was named to act on behalf of either a child Emperor before his coming of age or an...
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