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Japan Glossary entries starting with H

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335
Hōkōshū (奉公衆) – During the Muromachi period, the Gokenin part of the shōgun's army. They constituted five units in service from the time of Ashikaga Yoshimitsu to that of Ashikaga Yoshinori. The KantōkKubō had his own Hōkōshū, which were an essential part of his power base. Hōkōshū (奉公衆) were...
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291
Hōjō clan (北条氏) – branch of the Taira clan that ruled Japan from Kamakura during the Kamakura period. Not to be confused with the Later Hōjō clan. The Hōjō clan (北条氏 Hōjō-shi) was a Japanese samurai family who controlled the hereditary title of shikken (regent) of the Kamakura shogunate...
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132
Hiki Yoshikazu's rebellion (比企能員の乱 Hiki Yoshikazu no Ran) – Hiki Yoshikazu's rebellion against the Hōjō clan. Hiki Yoshikazu (比企 能員, died October 8, 1203) was a Japanese samurai lord and a powerful gokenin of the Kamakura Shogunate during the Kamakura period. He was related to the ruling...
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392
Heian-kyō (平安京) – the capital of Japan from 794 to 1185; located in present-day Kyoto. Heian-kyō (平安京, lit. "peaceful/tranquil capital") was one of several former names for the city now known as Kyoto. It was the official capital of Japan for over one thousand years, from 794 to 1868 with an...
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546
Heian period (平安時代) – a historical period during which the capital was located at Heian-kyō. The Heian period (平安時代, Heian jidai) is the last division of classical Japanese history, running from 794 to 1185. It followed the Nara period, beginning when the 50th emperor, Emperor Kanmu, moved...
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561
Han (藩) – feudal fiefs; the land owned and controlled by a noble lord or clan. Han (Japanese: 藩, "domain") is a Japanese historical term for the estate of a daimyo in the Edo period (1603–1868) and early Meiji period (1868–1912). Han or Bakufu-han (daimyo domain) served as a system of de...
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108
Haimyō (俳名) – a "haiku pen-name". It was common in the Edo period for artists, writers, kabuki actors and others to take part in poetry circles and to take on pen-names under which they would compose poetry or create related works, such as haiga paintings.
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