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Japan Glossary entries starting with G

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Gyōza (餃子) is the Japanese term for Chinese dumplings (jiaozi). Gyoza is the Japanese version of jiaozi developed from recipes brought back by Japanese soldiers returning from the Japanese-backed puppet state of Manchukuo in northeastern China during World War II. The Japanese word gyōza...
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217
Gunkan-maki (軍艦巻) is the Japanese term for seafood on rice, wrapped in laver (青海苔 アオノリ aonori). Gunkanmaki is a type of sushi made by wrapping vinegared rice in nori (seaweed) and placing sushi toppings on top. It was named for its resemblance to a warship. It is characterised by being able...
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449
Gobō (ゴボウ) is the Japanese term for burdock (root). Burdock (also known as greater burdock or gobō; scientific name: Arctium lappa L.) is a perennial herb belonging to the burdock genus of the Asteraceae family native to Eurasia. In Japan, it is eaten as a vegetable and root crop. In the...
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555
Ginnan (銀杏) is the Japanese term for nuts of the ginkgo tree, often boiled and served as a snack. It is a key ingredient of chawanmushi and other dishes. The nut-like kernels of the seeds are particularly esteemed in Asia and are a traditional Chinese and Japanese food. Japanese cooks add...
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367
Genmai (玄米) is the Japanese term for brown, unpolished rice. Genmai is whole grain rice with the inedible outer hull removed. This kind of rice sheds its outer hull or husk, but the bran and germ layer remain on, constituting rice's brown or tan colour. White rice is the grain without the...
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Gari (がり) is the Japanese term for thin-sliced ginger, boiled then pickled in amazu (made from plain, unseasoned rice vinegar, water and sugar), accompanying sushi. Gari (ガリ) is a type of tsukemono (漬物, Japanese pickled vegetable), also known as amazu-shōga (甘酢生姜) or umezu-shōga (梅酢生姜) It is...
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Gōzoku (豪族) – local samurai clans with significant local land holdings. Gōzoku (豪族, lit. "powerful clan"), in Japanese, refers to powerful regional families. In historical context, it can refer to powerful non-royal families regardless of their area of influence, in contrast to the Imperial...
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Gosho (御所) – The Emperor's throne or his residence. The residence of a member of the Imperial family, and a term to indicate those members. The residence of a prince or shōgun, and a term for prince or shōgun.
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Gosankyō (御三卿) – Three branches of the Tokugawa clan from which a shōgun might be chosen if the main line became extinct and established by Tokugawa Yoshimune in the middle of the Edo period. The Gosankyō (御三卿, "the Three Lords") were three branches of the Tokugawa clan of Japan. They were...
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435
Gosanke (御三家) – Three branches of the Tokugawa clan from which a shōgun might be chosen if the main line became extinct and established by Tokugawa Ieyasu in the early Edo period. They were the daimyōs of the Owari (or Bishū), Kii (or Kishū), and Mito Han. The Tokugawa Gosanke (徳川御三家, "the...
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Gokenin (or kenin 家人) – a vassal of the shōgun during the Kamakura, Ashikaga and Tokugawa shogunates. A gokenin (御家人) was initially a vassal of the shogunate of the Kamakura and the Muromachi periods. In exchange for protection and the right to become jitō (manor's lord), a gokenin had in...
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227
Genrō (元老) – an unofficial term for retired Japanese statesmen considered "founding fathers" of modern Japan who served as informal advisors to the emperor during the Meiji and Taishō periods. The institution of genrō originated with the traditional council of elders (Rōjū) common in the Edo...
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Genpei War (源平合戦 Genpei Kassen) (1180–1185) – a conflict between the Taira and Minamoto clans and in late-Heian period Japan that resulted in the defeat of the Taira. The Genpei War (源平合戦, Genpei Kassen, Genpei-Gassen, 1180–1185) was a national civil war between the Taira and Minamoto clans...
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631
Genkō War (元弘の乱, Genkō no Ran) – a civil war which marked the fall of the Kamakura shogunate and the end of the power of the Hōjō clan The Genkō War (元弘の乱, Genkō no Ran), also known as the Genkō Incident (元弘の變, Genkō no Hen), was a civil war fought in Japan between the Emperor Go-Daigo and the...
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Gaikoku bugyō (外国奉行) – commissioners appointed to oversee foreign trade and relations between 1858 and 1868. Gaikoku bugyō (外国奉行) were the commissioners or "magistrates of foreign affairs" appointed at the end of the Edo era by the Tokugawa shogunate to oversee trade and diplomatic relations...
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