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She can't/couldn't have said such a thing, etc...

hirashin

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Dear native English speakers,
would you check my sentences with auxiliaries?

1 He might come here tomorrow. (mightはmay より可能性が低い感じだが、大差はない)
2 He might have come here yesterday. (このcome は過去分詞形。have come は過去の意味を表す)

問2 次の文を日本語に訳しなさい。
①You should have come here earlier. (比較級の訳し方に注意)

②You might have told me about that. (You may have told でもほぼ同じ意味)

③Mike's (= Mike is) on vacation. He must have done all his jobs.

④This castle may have been much taller. (castle = 城)

⑤You can't have been driving carefully.

⑥It's already midnight. I must have been sleeping for an hour.


問3 次の文を、(  )の条件で英語に訳しなさい。動詞や形容詞などは適切な形に変えること。
①メアリーはもう家を出たかもしれない。 (leave, alreadyを用いて6語)
Mary may/might have already left home.
Mary may/might have left home already.

②君はあの車にひかれていたかもしれないよ。(could, be hit を用いて8語)
You could have been hit by that car.

③彼女がそんなことを言ったはずがない。 (such, thing を用いて7語)
She can't have said such a thing.
She couldn't have said such a thing.

④あの男性は一流大学を出ているに違いない。(graduate, top university を用いて9語)
That man must have graduated from a top university.

⑤君はそれをもっと早く私に言うべきだった。 (tell, about it, early を用いて8語)
You should have told me about it earlier.

⑥ジェーンはその電車に乗り遅れたのかもしれない。 (miss を用いて6語)
Jane may/might have missed the train.

That's all.

Hirashin
 
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hirashin

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Thanks for the help, mdchachi. I'm not really sure what the difference between "job" and "work" is.
Do you also say "He must have done all his tasks"?
 

mdchachi

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Yes. Tasks is good.
You can see the various definitions here:
Job | Definition of Job by Merriam-Webster
For somebody that has a job (employment), I wouldn't usually refer to their work responsibilities (tasks) as jobs. Especially for a salary-man type of office job where the work is continuous.
If it's something more like construction or repair work then each unit of work itself is often called a job. For example, a plumber might say "I finished all my jobs by 3pm today."
But an office worker or professional wouldn't normally say that. For example a travel agent who makes flight or hotel bookings might say "I finished all my work by 3pm today."
 

hirashin

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Thanks for the explanation and the link, mdchachi.

I'd like to ask a question about the sentence below.
②You might have told me about that.

Is this a comment to blame the other person? What's the difference between this one and
"You should have told me about that" or "You ought to have told me about that"?
 

mdchachi

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"You might have told me about that" is neutral. I don't think there is blame, just the speaker is unsure (doesn't remember).
The other two place the blame on the other person. Here's a dialog:
A-san> You should have told me about that.
B-san> I'm pretty sure I did, when we were in the break room.
A-san> Oh? ... I don't remember. You might have told me about that...
 
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