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English-to-Japanese translation problems for Lesson 3 Part 4

hirashin

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Dear native English speakers,
would you check my sentences, please?
問 次の英語を日本語に訳しなさい。
1. China has greatly expanded their foreign trade in recent years.

2. Japan is a major exporter of cars. (exporter =輸出する人,輸出国)

3. I tried to throw the ball as far as possible.

4. That song by Michael Jackson goes, "Heal the world. Make it a better place for you and for me and the entire human race". (heal = 癒やす,治す human race =人類 entire ~=~全体)
[My translation] マイケル・ジャクソンのその歌は、こう言っています。「世界を癒やそう。世界をもっと良い場所にしよう。あなたにとって、私にとって、人類全体にとって」

5. Jones is a very common name in Great Britain. (Great Britain = イギリス)

6. Later, many scientists found Einstein's theory to be true. (Einstein = アインシュタインtheory = 理論)

7. Positive attitude is the key to success in life.
[My translation] 前向きな[/積極的な]態度[/考え方]は、人生で成功する鍵だ。

8. Eating healthy food is good not only for your body but also for your mind.
[My translation] 健康的な食べ物を食べることは、(あなたの)体だけでなく心(精神)にもいい。

9. What do you mean by "You are what you eat"?
[My translation]「あなたはあなたが食べたものである」とはどういう意味ですか。

10. None of us have ever heard the elderly man speak of the war.
[My translation] 私たちは[/の]誰もその老人が戦争の話をするのを聞いたことがない。

11. Global warming is a major problem to the world. (global warming =地球温暖化)

12. If you want to be more fluent in English, you should live in a country or an area where English is spoken in everyday life.

13. The fire spread quickly through the building. (spread-spread-spread に注意すること)

14. Overeating is a major health problem in Japan as well as in the U.S.
[Should I use "obesity" instead of "overeating"? I'd like to use "overeating" because it appears in the text.]

15. I've promised to finish the task by Friday, but it's going to be quite a challenge.
(promise to ~ = ~すると約束する task = 仕事,作業)

Thanks in advance.

Hirashin
 

Buntaro

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Most are correct. But I have issues with 3, 11, and 14.

3. I tried to throw the ball as far as possible.
This is correct. But a more fluent way to say it is, “I tried to throw the ball as far as I could.”

11. Global warming is a major problem to the world.
Global warming is a major problem in the world.

14. Overeating is a major health problem in Japan as well as in the U.S.
Both “overeating” and “obese” are correct. The two meanings are different.
Overeat = 食べ過ぎる (?)
Obese = 太っている (?)
 
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hirashin

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Thanks for the help, Buntaro.

As for 11, how about these?
11a Global warming is a major problem to all the people on Earth.
11b Global warming is a major problem to everyone on Earth.
11c Global warming is a major problem to people all over the world.
11d Global warming is a major problem to people around the world.
 
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Buntaro

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11a Global warming is a major problem to all the people on Earth.
11a Global warming is a major problem to all the people on Earth.
11b Global warming is a major problem to everyone on Earth.
11c Global warming is a major problem to people all over the world.
11d Global warming is a major problem to people around the world.
I assume you want to use the "correct English" form so we need to use "for".

These are all correct.
11a Global warming is a major problem for all the people on Earth.
11b Global warming is a major problem for everyone on Earth.
11c Global warming is a major problem for people all over the world.
11d Global warming is a major problem for people around the world.

Best choice: Global warming is a major problem for everyone on Earth.
Second best choice: Global warming is a major problem for everyone in the world.
 

hirashin

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Thanks for the help. Do American people also say "Global warming is a major problem to everyone on Earth"?
 
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