Keio University (慶應義塾大学, Keiō Gijuku Daigaku), abbreviated as Keio (慶應) or Keidai (慶大), is a private university located in Minato, Tokyo, Japan. It is known as the oldest institute of modern higher education in Japan. Founder Fukuzawa Yukichi originally established it as a school for Western studies in 1858 in Edo (now Tokyo). It has eleven campuses in Tokyo and Kanagawa. It has ten faculties: Letters, Economics, Law, Business and Commerce, Medicine, Science and Technology, Policy Management, Environment and Information Studies, Nursing and Medical Care, and PharmaThe university has more than 350 student exchange programs with prestigious Institutions such as University of California, Brown University, University of Pennsylvania, Carnegie Mellon University, Dartmouth College, École normale supérieure (Paris) and Ecole Polytechnique. Moreover, Keio has 29 double degree programs with leading institutions such as Sciences Po, HEC Paris (both with the department of economics), University of Washington (Law School), and Mines ParisTech (Master, Sci.and Tech.) The university is one of the members of Top Global University Project, funded by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. Besides, Keio University is one of the member universities of RU11 and APRU, and it is one of only two Japanese universities (alongside the University of Tokyo) to be a member of the World Economic Forum's Global University Leaders Forum. Its list of alumni and faculties includes three former prime ministers, two astronauts, six international honorary members of American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a Wolf Prize winner. Meanwhile, Keio University produces the largest number of CEOs of companies listed with the first section of Tokyo Stock Exchange and ranks 9th (in the world) in top 100 Global Executives, according to Times Higher Education's "Alma Master Index".