Dokkyo University (獨協大学 Dokkyō Daigaku) is a private university in Sōka, Saitama, Japan, which is a liberal, co-educational institution noted for its language education programmes and international exchanges. The name "Dokkyo" is the Japanese-style dual kanji-based abbreviation of Verein für deutsche Wissenschaften, or German Studies Society (獨逸學協會 Doitsu-gaku Kyōkai). It was founded on 18 September 1881 as Verein für deutsche Wissenschaften, or German Studies Society (獨逸學協會 Doitsu-gaku Kyōkai). It developed into Schule des Vereins für deutsche Wissenschaften, or German Studies Society School (獨逸學協會學校 Doitsu-gaku Kyōkai Gakkō) in 1883. The school went through a minor negative campaign due to World War I, when Japan sided with the British Empire against the German Empire from August 1914 to November 1918, but the majority of the Japanese public was either pro-German or neutral despite Japan's position in the Anglo-Japanese Alliance. The 1920s saw its heyday when the school sent the highest number of boys into the nation's top Daiichi Kōtō Gakkō (第一高等学校 Daiichi Kōtō Gakkō) ("High School No.1") in Tokyo, or popularly known as "Ichikō", which is today's Liberal Arts campus of the University of Tokyo. During the early 1960s Dokkyo School's graduate and former Education Minister Amano Teiyū (天野貞祐 Amano Teiyū) was invited to "found" the University with money from the school and local governments. They started their first lectures on a higher education level in April 1964.