Useful phrases related to expressing time (時間 jikan) in Japanese.

Phrases

What's the time now?
今、何時ですか?
Ima nan-ji desuka?

How long does it take?
どのくらいかかりますか?
Donokurai kakarimasuka?

At 2 o'clock sharp.
2時ちょうどに
2-ji chōdo ni

Temporal prepositions

  • About: about 2 hours (約2時間 yaku 2-jikan)
  • After: after 10 minutes (10分後 10-pun go)
  • Ago: 5 minutes ago (5分前 5-fun mae)
  • Around: around 6 o'clock (6時頃に 6-ji goro ni)
  • At: at 4 o'clock (4時に 4-ji ni)

Time units

Hours (時 ji)

JapaneseRomajiEnglish
0時 (零時)rē-ji0 hours
1時 (一時)ichi-ji1 o'clock
2時 (二時)ni-ji2 o'clock
3時 (三時)san-ji3 o'clock
4時 (四時)yo-ji4 o'clock
5時 (五時)go-ji5 o'clock
6時 (六時)roku-ji6 o'clock
7時 (七時)shichi-ji7 o'clock
8時 (八時)hachi-ji8 o'clock
9時 (九時)ku-ji9 o'clock
10時 (十時)jū-ji10 o'clock
11時 (十一時)jūichi-ji11 o'clock
12時 (十二時)jūni-ji12 o'clock
正午shōgonoon
真夜中mayonakamidnight
何時nan-jiWhat time?
午前gozena.m.
午後gogop.m.


Minutes (分 fun)

JapaneseRomajiEnglish
0分 (〇分) rēfun / zerofun 0 minutes
1分 (一分) ippun 1 minute past
2分 (二分) nifun 2 minutes past
3分 (三分) sanpun 3 minutes past
4分 (四分) yonpun 4 minutes past
5分 (五分) gofun 5 minutes past
6分 (六分) roppun 6 minutes past
7分 (七分) nanafun 7 minutes past
8分 (八分) happun 8 minutes past
9分 (九分) kyūfun 9 minutes past
10分 (一〇分) juppun 10 minutes past
11分 (一一分) jūippun 11 minutes past
20分 (二〇分) nijuppun 20 minutes past
23分 (二三分) nijūsanpun 23 minutes past
30分 (三〇分) sanjuppun 30 minutes past
35分 (三五分) sanjūgofun 35 minutes past
40分 (四〇分) yonjuppun 40 minutes past
47分 (四七分) yonjūnanafun 47 minutes past
50分 (五〇分) gojuppun 50 minutes past
59分 (五九分) gojūkyūfun 59 minutes past
han half past
何分 nanpun How many minutes?


Seconds (秒 byō)

JapaneseRomajiEnglish
0秒zerobyō / rēbyō0 seconds
1秒ichibyō1 second
2秒nibyō2 seconds
3秒sanbyō3 seconds
4秒yonbyō4 seconds
5秒gobyō5 seconds
6秒rokubyō6 seconds
7秒nanabyō7 seconds
8秒hachibyō8 seconds
9秒kyubyō9 seconds
10秒jūbyō10 seconds
0.1秒rēten ichibyō0.1 seconds
0.02秒rēten zeronibyō0.02 seconds
何秒nanbyōHow many seconds?


Duration (期間 kikan)

JapaneseRomajiEnglish
2時間 nijikan 2 hours
10分間 juppunkan 10 minutes
3秒間 sanbyōkan 3 seconds
何時間 nanjikan How many hours?
何分間 nanpunkan How many minutes?
何秒間 nanbyōkan How many seconds?


Examples:

5:30 am
gozen goji sanjūppun / gozen goji han

8:20 pm
gogo hachiji nijuppun

7:41
shichiji yonjūippun

12 o/clock (noon)
gogo jūni-ji / shōgo

12 o'clock (midnight)
gozen rēji
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