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TYJ Katakana shapes

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This article is in the series Teach Yourself Japanese
4.5. Katakana shapes

4.5.1. Comparison between hiragana and katakana

Some katakana look like the corresponding hiragana, but many of them are different. Hiragana often have round curves, and katakana often have straight lines.

Romanizationaiueo
Hiragana
Katakana


Romanizationkakikukekokyakyukyo
Hiraganaきゃきゅきょ
Katakanaキャキュキョ


Romanizationgagigugegogyagyugyo
Hiraganaぎゃぎゅぎょ
Katakanaギャギュギョ


Romanizationsasisusesosyasyusyo
Hiraganaしゃしゅしょ
Katakanaシャシュショ


Romanizationzazizuzezozyazyuzyo
Hiraganaじゃじゅじょ
Katakanaジャジュジョ


Romanizationtatitutetotyatyutyo
Hiraganaちゃちゅちょ
Katakanaチャチュチョ


Romanizationdazizudedozyazyuzyo
Hiraganaぢゃぢゅぢょ
Katakanaヂャヂュヂョ


Romanizationnaninunenonyanyunyo
Hiraganaにゃにゅにょ
Katakanaニャニュニョ


Romanizationhahihuhehohyahyuhyo
Hiraganaひゃひゅひょ
Katakanaヒャヒュヒョ


Romanizationbabibubebobyabyubyo
Hiraganaびゃびゅびょ
Katakanaビャビュビョ


Romanizationpapibupepopyapyupyo
Hiraganaぴゃぴゅぴょ
Katakanaピャピュピョ


Romanizationmamimumemomyamyumyo
Hiraganaみゃみゅみょ
Katakanaミャミュミョ


Romanizationyaiyueyo
Hiragana
Katakana


Romanizationrarirureroryaryuryo
Hiraganaりゃりゅりょ
Katakanaリャリュリョ


Romanizationwaiueo
Hiragana
Katakana


Romanizationn-
Hiragana
Katakana


4.5.2. Confusing katakana

The following katakana resemble one another.

Romanizationama
Katakana


Romanizationukuketehurawao
Katakana



Romanizationsisoturin
Katakana


These katakana are indeed confusing. Written from left to right, the lines of シ have the beginning points at the left side of the katakana. Written from top to bottom, those in ツ have the beginning points at the upper side.

The lines of ン are similar to those in シ, and the lines of ソ are similar to ツ.

The lines of リ are parallel in the upper half of it.

Romanizationsunu
Katakana


Romanizationtiname
Katakana


Romanizationnimi
Katakana



Romanizationnorure
Katakana


← Previous page (Katakana table) | Next page (Punctuation) →
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Takasugi
My name is TAKASUGI Shinji. TAKASUGI is my family name, and Shinji is my given name; a family name is placed before a given name in Japan, as in other Asian nations. My family name is capitalized to avoid misunderstanding.

I have been living in Yokohama since I was born. Yokohama is the second largest city in Japan, which is just 30 kilometers away from the biggest city Tôkyô. It takes 30 minutes to go by train from home to Shibuya, which is the hottest town now in Tôkyô.

I work as a display engineer.

One of my hobbies is creating things with computers; creating programs, computer graphics and web pages is the thing I spent a lot of time doing. I am also interested in a wide range of sciences, and linguistics is my favorite. I like English and I like using it, but my focus is mainly on Japanese, which is my native language. I'm proud of knowing the language, and the difference between English and Japanese has been fascinating me. I have been thinking whether I can introduce it to people outside of Japan. My attempt of introducing Japanese with some Java applets has had more than 1 million visitors.

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