Below find a concise list of the most common Japanese terms related to health and medicine.
  • Expressing symptoms
  • Inner Organs
  • Hospitals and medical personnel
  • Medication and drugs
Find an overview of Japanese terms relating to body parts here.

Expressing symptoms


I caught a cold.風邪を引いた。Kaze-o hiita.
I feel sick.気持ちが悪いです。Kimochi-ga warui desu.
I don’t feel well.気分が悪いです。Kibun ga warui desu.
I feel nauseous.吐きそうです。Haki sou desu.
I have no appetite.食欲がありません。Shokuyoku ga ari masen.
I have a cough.咳が出ます。Seki ga demasu.
I have a runny nose.鼻水が出ます。Hanamizu ga demasu.
My nose is stopped up.鼻が詰まる。Hana ga tsumaru.
I have got a headache.頭が痛いです。Atama-ga itai desu.
I have a sore throat.喉が痛いです。Nodo-ga itai desu.
I have got a stomacheache.お腹が痛いです。Onaka-ga itai desu.
I have a toothache.お歯が痛いです。Ha-ga itai desu.
I have got a fever.私は熱があります。Watashi-wa netsu-ga arimasu.
I have diarrhea.下痢している。Geri shite iru.
I feel dizzy.めまいがする。Memai ga suru.
My eyes are irritated.目がちからかする。Me ga chika-chika suru.
I suffer from asthma.私は喘息もちです。Watashi wa zensoku-mochi desu.
I'm allergic to ...... にアレルギーあります。... ni arerugii ga arimasu.
It hurts right here.ここが痛いです。Koko-ga itai desu.

Inner Organs



heart心臓shinzōbrain
bladder膀胱bōkōblood血, 血液chi, ketsueki
bonehoneintestineschō
kidney腎臓jinzōliver肝臓kanzō
muscle筋肉kinnikuskin肌, 皮膚hada, hifu

Hospitals and medical personnel


hospital病院byōingeneral hospital総合病院sōgō byōin
clinic医院, クリニックiin, kurinikkuclinic診療所shinrōjo
national hospital国立病院kokuritsu byōinuniversity hospital大学病院daigaku byōin
general medicine総合診療科sōgōshin ryōkasurgery外科geka
ENT耳鼻咽喉科jibi-inkokadermatology皮膚科hifuka
gastroenterology消化器科shōkakikainternal medicine内科naika
orthopedics整形外科seikeigekapediatrics小児科shōnika
ophthalmology眼科gankaobsterics and gynecology産婦人科sanfujinka
neurology神経科shinkeikapsychiatry精神科seishinka
cardiology循環器科junkankikadentistry歯科shika
physician医師ishipharmacist薬剤師yakuzaishi
professional nurse正看護婦seikangofupublic health nurse保健婦hokenfu
optometrist検眼者kenganshamidwife助産婦jōsanpu

Medication and drugs


tablet錠剤jōzai capsuleカプセルkapuseru
pill丸薬ganyakupowder粉末, 散在funmatsu, sanzai
creamクリームkuriimuinjection注射chūsha
ear drops点耳薬tenji yakueye drops点眼tengan
nose drop点鼻薬tenbiyakusyrupシロップshiroppu
mouthwash, gargleうがい薬ugaigusuriinhalant吸入剤kyūnyūzai
ointment, salve軟膏nankōtrocheトローチtorōchi
solution溶液yōekidosage用療yōryō