Haneda Shrine (羽田神社 Haneda-jinja) is a Shintō shrine located in Honhaneda, in the Ota Ward of Tōkyō.

Haneda Jinja


History:​

The shrine was originally part of a temple that was founded in the Kamakura Period (1185-1333) by Namekata Yojirō (行方与次郎), a feudal lord of Hanedaura and local naval commander. It enshrined the spirit of Gozu Tennō (牛頭天王), a syncretic deity of epidemic diseases and healing. Scores of political leaders, like the Go-Hōjō clan, the Tokugawa shogun, and the Shimazu continued to worship Gozu Tennō at what would later become Shōzō-in (正蔵院), a temple of the Chiyama school of Shingon Buddhism.

When the Meiji government enacted the "Kami and Buddhas Separation Order" (神仏判然令 Shinbutsu Hanzenrei) in 1869, a decree that forced Buddhist priests to relinquish their positions and that stipulated that all Buddhist images were to be removed from Shintō shrines, Gozu Tennō was moved to Yagumo Shrine (八雲神社) which was renamed to Haneda Shrine in 1907. Between 1945 and 1948, Haneda-jinja enshrined the deity of Anamori Inari Shrine (穴守稲荷神社), which had been relocated in the course of the expansion of Haneda Airport by the US military.

Shōzō-in Temple and Haneda Shrine are adjacent to each other to this very day. The reconstruction of the shrine was completed in 1988.

Enshrined kami:​

Haneda-jinja enshrines the kami Susanoo-no-Otoko (須佐之男尊) and one of his wives, Inadahime (稲田姫).

Worship:​

Haneda Shrine is worshipped by those who pray for the recovery from illness, a tradition started by shōgun Tokugawa Iesada (徳川家定, 1824-1858), who is said to have overcome smallpox in his childhood. Due to its vicinity to Haneda Airport, the shrine is also venerated by those who work in the airline industry and those who wish for traffic safety. The annual Haneda Matsuri takes place on the last Friday to Sunday in July and finishes with a parade of the mikoshi that starts at Bentenbashi.


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Above: the 5-metre tall mound of Mt. Fuji is called "Haneda Fuji" (羽田富士) and was built in the early Meiji Period. It is a tangible folk cultural property of Ota Ward.

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Address: 3-9-12 Honhaneda, Ota City, Tokyo 144-0044; phone: 03-3741-00-23.
Access: a 5-minute walk from Ōtorii Station (大鳥居駅) on the Keikyu Airport Line. The station is numbered "KK13".


Map:



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Outline of Haneda Shrine (credit: Haneda-jinja website)

Link: