8.5. ColoursFirst of all, please note that the colours you see on your computer screen are highly dependent on your particular system. Different systems often display different colours. The colour files used here are adjusted for my system.
8.5.1. Basic colour namesAll Japanese colour names are nouns, but the six basic colour names shown below have corresponding adjectives. The basic Japanese colours are a system based on colour warmth/coolness and lightness/darkness. The adjective of a basic colour is a combination of the colour noun and the adjective suffix い "i". In this chart, the upper words are nouns, and the lower words are adjectives.[/SIZE]
It is interesting that brown seems more important than green in Japanese. Since green is not a basic colour, the word あお is often used for it in old compound words, such as あおやさい "aoyasai" (green vegetables).
Remember Japanese adjectives contain tense. あか means the colour red, while あかい means something is red. Its past form is あかかった "akakatta" (something was red).
8.5.2. Important colour namesColours other than the basic colours only have nouns. Use a copula to make a colour noun predicator. Most colour names have the suffix いる "iro", which means colour. You can add it after a colour name if it is not there.
The word はい "hai" means ash. The imported word グレー "gurê",
which came from gray, is also common.
The word もも "momo" means peach. The imported word ビンク "pinku",
which came from pink, is common too.
It is the name of a kind of orange, but it is not well known. The common name for Japanese
oranges are みかん "mikan".
Western oranges are called オレンジ "orenji", and it is also used for the color orange.
The word みず "mizu" means water.
8.5.3. Additional colour namesColour names shown here are not so common, but they should be understood by any native Japanese speaker. Japanese has hundreds of colour names, but to my regret, many of them are being lost, as Japanese traditions are being lost.
The word あかね "akane" is a plant whose root is used to dye cloth deep red.
The word やまぶき "yamabuki" means a kind of yellow flower.
The word (うぐいす "uguisu" refers to the Japanese bush warbler, a kind of bird.
The prefix ふか comes from the adjective ふかい "hukai", which means deep.
The word あい "ai" means Japanese indigo.
|Dark purplish blue