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JREF
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Hyogo Park of the Oriental White Stork (兵庫県立コウノトリの郷公園 Hyōgo kenritsu kōnotorinosatokōen) is a research facility of Hyōgo Prefecture, located in Shōunji Aza Nigaya, Toyooka City. The park, which opened in 1999, protects, breeds and reintroduces storks to the wild and aims to create an environment...
JREF
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Kawahara Keiga (川原慶賀, 1786-1860) was an Edo-era painter of Western-style pictures who sometimes signed his works in Roman letters "Tojosky," a Westernisation of his given name Toyosuke. Most of his works are exhibited in the Netherlands, while a tenth of his paintings can be found in Japan...
JREF
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Tokugawa Ienobu (徳川 家宣, 1662-1712) was the sixth shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate and ruled for just three years, from 1709 to 1712. Ienobu was the eldest son of Tokugawa Tsunashige (徳川綱重, 1644-1678), the daimyō of the Kōfu domain (present-day Yamanashi Prefecture). Tsunashige was the brother...
JREF
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Tokugawa Tsunayoshi (1646-1709) was the fifth shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate (ruled 1680-1709), the fourth son of Tokugawa Iemitsu, and known by the moniker "dog shogun". Born to Iemitsu, the third shōgun, Tsunayoshi (徳川綱吉, 1646-1709) spent most of his childhood under the supervision of his...
JREF
3 min read
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Akechi Mitsuhide (明智光秀, 1528-1582), also known under the title Koretō Hyūga no Kami (惟任日向守), was one of the principal captains of hegemon Oda Nobunaga and his assassin. A man of obscure origins, Mitsuhide was said to have been born into the Toki-Akechi family of the Toki clan (土岐氏) and sided...
JREF
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The Meiji Memorial Gallery (聖徳記念絵画館 Seitoku kinen kaiga-kan) is a picture gallery in Meiji-jingū-gaien Park in the Shinjuku district of Tōkyō. It displays paintings made in honour of the late Meiji-Tennō. The memorial gallery is open to the public. The Gallery was constructed in memory of...
JREF
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In Japan, she is considered a feminist icon; elsewhere, she is little known: Beate Sirota Gordon. Born in Vienna to a Jewish family, she drafted the articles of the Japanese Constitution guaranteeing women's rights. Sirota was born 100 years ago, on 25 October 1923. In February 1946, Beate...
Travel Tokyo Skytree
JREF
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Tokyo Skytree is the tallest structure in Japan. It is 634 metres, making it the world's tallest free-standing tower. It was opened to the public in February 2012 and has since become one of Tokyo's most popular attractions. The structure is almost twice the height of Tokyo Tower and provides...
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JREF
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The 1st of September 2023 marked the 100th anniversary of the Great Kantō Earthquake. The Great Kantō Earthquake (関東大地震 Kantō daijishin) was a massive tremor that hit Tōkyō and the surrounding prefectures on 1 September 1923. The Japanese term Kantō daishinsai (関東大震災) also refers to the damage...
JREF
2 min read
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Binzuru (Sanskrit: Piṇḍola Bhāradvāja) was one of the original followers of the historical Buddha and was said to have been a close associate of the Buddha's cousin and attendant, Ananda. He is revered explicitly in Mahayana and Zen Buddhism and is often depicted in Buddhist art. Binzuru (賓頭盧)...
JREF
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The Soga clan (蘇我氏 Soga uji) was a prominent family that hailed from Yamato (in modern-day Nara Prefecture). The Soga exercised political power, rivalling that of the Japanese emperors in the 6th and 7th centuries CE. References in the Nihon Shoki (720) and Kogo Shūi (807) link the family to...
JREF
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Inage Shigenari (稲毛 重成, d. 1205) was a military commander of the late Heian and early Kamakura periods and a retainer of the Kamakura shogunate. Shigenari was a member of the Chichibu clan, which descended from the Kanmu Taira. He ruled Inage-sō (稲毛荘) in Musashi Province. He was the son of...
JREF
5 min read
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This is an alphabetical reference list of sake breweries in our sake section. We use the following format: [Brewery name (linked to the official website)] [Name in kanji] - Clickable tags: [Prefecture] [Brewery] [Primary brand] A Aihara Shuzō (相原酒造) Hiroshima Aihara Ugo no Tsuki Akana...
JREF
Updated
3 min read
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The God of the Japanese ConstitutionOzaki Yukio (尾崎 行雄, 1858-1954), pen name Ozaki Gakudō (咢堂), was a liberal politician elected 25 times to the House of Representatives of the Japanese Diet. Born into a samurai family in Tsukui, Sagami Province (modern-day Kanagawa Prefecture), he moved to...
JREF
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Takashima Castle (高島城 Takashima-jō) is a flatland castle located in the city of Suwa, Nagano Prefecture. In the Edo period, the castle was the residence of the Suwa, who were lesser Fudai daimyō with an income of 30,000 koku. It used to be a water castle jutting out into Lake Suwa and was known...
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JREF
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The Kure Maritime History and Science Museum (呉市海事歴史科学館 Kureshi Kaiji Rekishi Kagakukan), also known as Yamato Museum (大和ミュージアム), is located in Kure, Hiroshima Prefecture. Its central exhibit is a 1/10 scale model of the IJN battleship Yamato. The Yamato was built at the location of the current...
JREF
2 min read
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The Toba Sea-Folk Museum (鳥羽市立海の博物館 Toba shiritsu umi no hakubutsukan) is located in Uramura, just outside of Toba, Mie Prefecture. It houses a collection of over 60,000 exhibits about the history, culture, and traditions of the people living along the coast of Ise-Shima and their relationship...
JREF
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4 min read
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Tsukimi (月見, "moon viewing"), also known as otsukimi (お月見), or jūgoya (十五夜, "15th night"), is a festival celebrating the harvest moon and the Japanese equivalent of the Chinese moon festival. The full moon festivities usually occur on the 15th day of the eighth month of the traditional Japanese...
JREF
4 min read
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Kunōzan Tōshōgū Shrine (久能山東照宮) is the first burial place of Tokugawa Ieyasu. The Shintō shrine is located on a steep plateau in Negoya, Suruga, a ward of Shizuoka City, and offers a spectacular view of Suruga Bay. It is the oldest of all Tōshōgū (東照宮) shrines, places of worship that enshrine...
JREF
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Yokoyama Taikan (横山大観, 2 November 1868 - 26 February 1958), nom de plume of Sakai Hidezō (酒井秀歳) or Hidematsu (酒井秀松) was one of the first Japanese painters to be involved in the development of a modern Japanese painting style called Nihonga (日本画). Taikan was the son of Sakai Sutehiko (酒井捨彦), a...
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